Clinical Pathology

Clinical Pathology

Clinical Pathology

A wide range of clinical pathology services are available at INA, conducted by experienced veterinarians (certified clinical chemists) and medical technologists.

Clinical Pathology

Clinical Pathology


  • Simultaneous evaluation of complete blood counts (red blood cell counts, white blood cell counts, platelet counts, hemoglobin and hematocrit measurements), white blood cell differential counts and reticulocyte counts/ratios using a hematoanalyzer).
  • Microscopic measurement of reticulocytes by supravital staining and calculation of white blood cell differential (ratio) in blood smears.

Blood coagulation/fibrinolysis

  • Measurements of prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen and coagulation factor activities using a coagulator.
  • D-dimer and fibrin/fibrinogen degradation product (FDP) measurements using commercial reagents.
  • Measurement of platelet aggregation ability.


Clinical chemistry

  • Measurements of proteins, enzymes, low molecular weight nitrogenous compounds, glucose, lipids, electrolytes, pigments and novel biomarkers (GLDH).

Analysis of protein and lipid fractions, isozymes

  • Measurements of protein fractions, lipid fractions (lipoprotein, CH, TG) and isozymes (ALP, LDH, CK) by agarose gel electrophoresis.

Toxicity biomarker analysis

  • Various measurements (Troponin I, Clusterin, etc.) using commercially-available ELISA kits.

Bone biomarker analysis

  • Various measurements (OC, PYD, DPD, NTX, CTX, etc.) using commercially-available ELISA kits.

Flow cytometric analysis of cell surface antigens

  • Measurement of lymphocyte subsets (T cells (CD4 and CD8), B cells and NK cells) using a six-color flow cytometer.

Analysis of blood gases

  • Analysis of blood gases (pH, O2, CO2).


  • Analysis of parameters such as urine volume, color, specific gravity, osmotic pressure, qualitative and semiquantitation tests using reagent strips and quantitation of urinary electrolytes.
  • Determination of urinary composition including protein and NAG.


  • Immunological tests (Coombs’ test, etc.), fecalysis, hemolysis tests.